SESSION 1899-1900.






The preparation of the Index to the e Bulletin ' is the duty of the (I had nearly written " unfortunate ") Editor, because it forms a kind of annual " holiday task " for him. The index to our tenth volume of the ' Bulletin' has certainly proved heavier than any of its predecessors, by reason of the greater number of quotations which the Editor has had to record, but it has, at the same time, been very satisfactory to him to note the increase in the number of contributions to our journal.

The exhibition of specimens illustrating the colour-varia- tions of birds >was in every respect a very remarkable one, mainly due to I the extraordinary series which our esteemed member, the jAon. Walter Rothschild, M.P., transported from his Museum; at Tring ; while many other members of the Club contributed] from their private collections. The result was one of the most interesting exhibitions ever presented to the notice of o„ Scientific Society.

The memory of the pleasant evenings which the members of theji Club have spent together, aud of the solid work which *nas been a feature of our Eighth Session, is saddened by the decease of several of our friends. The loss of such energetic workers as St. George Mivart, John Cordeaux, and T. J. Monk is not only felt by the Club as a Scientific Institution, but it has taken away from some of the older members some very sincere friends and companions. The fortune of war also has deprived us of two excellent ornithologists, Dr. A. C. Stark and Colonel H. P. Northcott. The former was struck down by a Boer shell in Ladysmith, as he was quietly smoking a cigarette at 12 o'clock at night, and his



death is nothiDg less than a national misfortune, as the first published volume of his ' Birds of South Africa ' proves that whoever shall attempt to complete the work will have no easy task to rival the volume which our friend had written before his death. Colonel Northcott had made but one collection of birds in the Hinterland of the Gold Coast, and was full of enthusiam for future work. He was ordered off to South Africa on the outbreak of the Boer war, and had hardly reached his post on Lord Methuen's Staff, when he was killed at the Modder River.


x Editor.

October 1st, 1900.






BRITISH ORNITHOLOGISTS' CLUB. (As amended 20th April, 1898.)

I. This Club was founded for the purpose of facilitating the social intercourse of Members of the British Ornithologists' Union. Any Member of that Union can become a Member of this Club on payment (to the Treasurer) of an entrance fee of Five Shillings and a subscription of Five Shillings for the current Session. Resignation of the Union involves resignation of the Club.

II. Members who have not paid their subscriptions before the last Meeting of the Session, shall cease, ipso facto, to be Members of the Club, but may be reinstated on payment of arrears, and a, new entrance fee.

III. Members of the British Ornithologists' Union may be introduced as Visitors at the Meetings of the Club, but every Member of the Club who introduces a Member of the B. O. U. as a Visitor (to dinner or to the Meeting afterwards) shall pay One Shilling to the Treasurer, on each occasion.

IV. The Club shall meet, as a rule, on the Third Wednesday in every Month, from October to June inclusive, at such hour and place as maybe arranged by the Committee. At these Meetings papers upon ornithological subjects shall be read, specimens exhibited, and discussion invited.


V. An Abstract of the Proceedings of the B. O. C. shall - be printed as soon as possible after each Meeting, under the title of the ' Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club/ and distributed gratis to every Member who has paid his subscription. Copies of this Bulletin shall be published and sold at One Shilling each.

VI. The affairs of this Club shall be managed by a Committee, to consist of the Editors of ' The Ibis/ the Editor of the ' Bulletin/ and the Secretary and Treasurer, ex officio] with three other Members, one of whom shall be changed every year. The Committee shall have power to make and alter Bye-laws.

COMMITTEE 1899-1900.

P. L. Sclater, F.R.S., Editor of The Ibis.'

R. Bowdler Sharpe, LL.D., Editor of the 'Bulletin.'

A. H. Evans, Editor of ' The Ibis.3


Ernst Hartert.

Howard Saunders.

W. E. De Winton, Secretary and Treasurer.


Alexander, Captain Boyd ; Wilsley, Cranbrook, Kent. Aplin, Oliver Vernon ; Bloxham, Banbury, Oxou. Barclay, Hugh Gurney ; Colney Hall, Norwich. Barrett-Hamilton, Gerald E. H. ; care of Zoological Society,

3 Hanover Square, W. Baerington, Richard Manlifee; Fassaroe, Bray, Co. Wicklow. Beddard, Frank E., F.R.S. ; Zoological Gardens, Regent's Park,

N.W. Bidwell, E. ; 1 Trig Lane, Upper Thames Street, London, E.C. Bingham, Lieut.-Col. C. T. ; care of Messrs. H. S. King & Co.,

65 Cornhill, E.C. Blaauw, F. E., C.M.Z.S. ; Gooilust, s'Graveland, Noord-Holland. Blaneord, W. T., F.R.S. ; 72 Bedford Gardens, Kensington, W. Bonhote, John Lewis, Ditton Hall, Fen Ditton, Cambs. Bradeord, Dr. J. Rose, F.R.S. ; 8 Manchester Square, W. Brockholes, W. Fitzherbert ; Claughton-on-Brock, Garstang,

Lancashire. Chance, A. Macomb, Jun., B.A.; Lawnside, Edgbaston, Birmingham. Chapman, Abel ; 9 South Bailey, Durham. Clarke, Stephenson Robert ; Borde Hill, Cuckfield, Sussex. Clarke, William Eagle ; Museum of Science and Art, Edinburgh. Coles, Richard Edward ; Oakfield, Milton, Lymington, Hants. Courage, Harold Mitchell ; Snowdenham, Bramley, Guildford. Cowie, Archibald ; St. John's School, Leatherhead. Cowie, Major A. H., R.E. ; care of H. Ward, Esq., Yeatton,

Lymington, Hants.


Cbawfoed, F. C. ; 19 Royal Terrace, Edinburgh.

Ceossman, Alan F. ; St. Cuthbert's, Berkhamsted.

Ceowley, Philip ; Waddon House, Croydon.

Ceowlet, Reginald A. ; 4 High Street, Croydon.

Cuetis, Feedeeice ; Chalfont House, 20 Queen's Square, W.C.

Dalgleish, John J. ; Brankston Grange, Bogside Station, Stirling,

KB. Davidson, J. ; 32 Drumsheugh Gardens, Edinburgh. De Winton, W. E. {Secretary and Treasurer) ; Graftonbury, Here- ford, and 7 Southampton Row, W.C. Dobbie, James B. ; 2 Hailes Street, Edinburgh. Dobie, William Heney, M.R.C.S. ; 2 Hunter Street, Chester. Dbessee, Heney Eeles ; 110 Cannon Street, E.G. Deewitt, Dr. F. D. ; 2 Manchester Square, W. Duthie, Lt.-Colonel W. H. M. ; Row, Doune, Perthshire. Elliot, Edmund A. S., M.R.C.S. ; Woodville, Kingsbridge, S. Devon. Elwes, Heney John, F.R.S. ; Colesborne Park, Cheltenham. Evans, Aethue Humble, M.A. ; 9 Harvey Road, Cambridge. Fenwick, E. K F. ; Oxford and Cambridge Club, Pall Mall,

S.W. Foebes, Heney Ogg, LL.D. ; Director of Public Museums, Liverpool. Fostee, Geo. E. ; Brooklands, Cambridge. Fowlee, W. Waede, M.A. ; Lincoln College, Oxford. Feohawe, F. W. ; 28 Gipsy Hill, S.E. Gainsboeodgh, Chaeles William Feancis, Earl of ; Coombe Manor,

Campden, G]oucestershire. Geeeaed, John ; Worsley, Manchester. Godman, Feedeeick DuCane, D.C.L., F.R.S. ; 10 Chandos Street,

Cavendish Square, W. {President B.O.U.) Gould, F. H. Caeeuthees ; Amherst Grove Road, East Molesey. Geant, W. R. Ogilvie ; 29 Elvaston Place, S.W. GiJNTHEK, Dr. Albeet C. L. G., F.R.S. ; 2 Lichfield Road, Kew

Gardens, S.W. Gueney, John Heney ; Keswick Hall, Norwich. Haigh, Geoege Heney Caton ; Grainsby Hall, Great Grimsby,

Lincolnshire. PIaeteet, Eenst ; The Museum, Tring, Herts. Haexing, James Edmund ; Linnean Society, Burlington House,

Piccadilly, W. Haevie-Beown, John A. ; Dunipace House, Larbert, Stirlingshire, KB.


Hawker, It. M. ; Bath Club, Dover Street, W.

Hoesfield, Herbert Knight; Ivy Lodge, Chapel Allerton, near

Leeds. Hose, Charles ; Baram, Sarawak, Borneo. Howard, Robert James; Shearbank, Blackburn, Lancashire. Hudson, William Henry ; Tower House, St. Luke's Road, West- bourne Park, W. Irby, Colonel Leonard Howard; 14 Cornwall Terrace, Regent's

Park, N.W. Jackson, F. J., C.B. ; The Bed House, Aldeburgb, Suffolk. Kerr, J. Graham ; Christ's College, Cambridge. Laidlaw, Thomas Geddes ; 8 Morningside Boad, Edinburgh. Langton, Herbert ; 11 Marlborough Place, Brighton. L'Estrange, Col. Paget W. ; Llwynbedw, Boncath, B.S.O., South

Wales. Lodge, G. E. ; 5 Verulam Buildings, Gray's Inn, W.C. Loyd, Major Arthur Purvis ; Harnham Cliff, Salisbury. Macpherson, Arthur Holte ; 51 Gloucester Terrace, Hyde Park,

W. Macpherson, Bev. Hugh Alexander ; The Rectory, Pitlochry,

Perthshire, N.B. Marshall, A. McLean ; Estate Office, Longniddry, N.B. Marshall, James McLean ; Ard's Place, Aberlady, Longniddry,

N.B. Martin, Basil W. ; Elm Lodge, Hampstead, N.W. Mason, Colonel E. ; 20 Minster Yard, Lincoln. Maxwell, Aymer E. (Grenadier Guards); care of Sir Charles

McGrigor, Bt., & Co., 25 Charles Street, St. James's, S.W. Maxwell, Rt. Hon. Sir Herbert E., Bart., M.P., P.C., F.R.S. ;

49 Lennox Gardens, S.W. Meade-Waldo, Edmund Gustavus Bloomfield ; Stonewall Park,

Edenbridge, Kent. Millais, John Guille ; Melwood, Rasper Road, Horsham. Monro, H. C. ; Queen Anne's Mansions, S.W. Munn, P. H. ; Laverstoke, Whitchurch, Hants. Munt, Henry ; 83 Kensington Gardens Square, W. Neale, Edward ; 43 Charlotte Street, Portland Place, W. Nesham, Robert ; Utrecht House, Queen's Road, Clapham Park,

S.W. Noble, Heatley ; Temple Combe, Henley-on-Thames. Oates, Eugene William ; 1 Carlton Gardens, Broadway, Ealing,

W. (Secretary B.O.U.)

Ogilvie, Ferges Menteith ; 5 Evelyn Mansions, Carlisle PL, S.W.

Parkin, Thomas ; Fairseat, High Wickham, Hastings.

Patterson, R. L. ; Croft House, Holy wood, Co. Down.

Pearson, Charles Edward ; Chilwell House, near Nottingham.

Pearson, Henry J. ; Brameote, Beeston, Notts.

Penrose, Frank, M.D. ; 84 Wimpole Street, W.

Phillips, E. Lort ; 79 Cadogan Square, S.W.

Pigott, Thomas Digbt, C.B. ; 5 Ovington Gardens, S.W.

Pike, T. M. ; care of R. H. Porter, 7 Princes Street, Cavendish

Square, W. Popham, Hugh Leyborne, M.A. ; 21 Ryder Street, S.W. Pycraft, W. P. ; Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, S.W. Ramsay, Colonel R. G. Wardlaw; Whitehill, Rosewell, Mid- Lothian, N.B. Rawson, Herbert Evelyn ; Fallbarrow, Windermere. Read, Robert H. ; 7 South Parade, Bedford Park, W. Reid, Capt. Savile G. (late R.E.) ; The Elms, Yalding, Maidstone. Rickett, C. B. ; Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Co., Foochow,

China. Rothschild, Hon. L. Walter, M.P., D.Sc. ; The Museum, Tring,

Herts. Rothschild, Hon. N. Charles; Tring Park, Herts. Sapsworth, Arnold Deer; High am Lodge, Woodford Green, Essex. Saenders, Howard ; 7 Radnor Place, Hyde Park, W. Scherren, Henry ; 9 Cavendish Road, Harringay, N. Sclater, Philip Letley, F.R.S. {Chairman)', Zoological Society of

London, 3 Hanover Square, W., and Odiham Priory, Winchfield. Sclater, William Letley ; South African Museum, Cape Town,

Cape of Good Hope. Seloes, Frederick Coerteney ; Alpine Lodge, Worplesdon, Surrey. Sharman, Frederic ; Tate Lodge, Bedford. Sharpe, R. Bowdler, LL.D. (Editor) ; Natural History Museum,

South Kensington, S.W. Shelley, Captain G. Ernest ; 39 Egerton Gardens, S.W. Slater, Rev. Henry H., M.A. ; Thornhaugh Rectory, Wansford,

Northamptonshire. Steddy, Colonel Robert Wright ; Waddeton Court, Brixham,

Devon. Styan, F. W. ; Shanghai, China. Taylor, Edward Cavendish ; 74 Jermyn Street, S.W. Tegetmeier, William Bern hard ; 16 Alexandra Grove, North

Finchley, N.


Tennant, E. Priattlx ; 40 Grosvenor Square, W. Terry, Major Horace A. ; The Lodge, Upper Halliford, Shepperton. Ticehurst, N. F. ; Guy's Hospital, S.E. Trevor-Battxe, Aubyn B. 11. ; 2 Whitehall Gardens, S.W. UrcuER, Henry Morris ; East Hall, Eeltwell, Brandon, Norfolk. Urwick, "William F. ; 27 Bramham Gardens, S.W. Ussher, R. J. ; Cappagh House, Cappagh, S.O., Co. Waterford. Wallis, H. M. ; Ashton Lodge, Pleading. Watkins, Watkin ; Highfield, Harrow. Whitaker, Joseph I. S. ; Malfitano, Palermo, Sicily. Whymper, Charles ; 7 James Street, Haymarket, S.W. Wiglesworth, Lionel W. ; 42 Gloucester Place, Portman Square, W. Wilkinson, Johnson ; St. George's Square, Huddersfield, York- shire. Williams, Lionel A.; Isthmian Club, Piccadilly, W. Wilson, Charles Joseph; 34 York Terrace, N.W. Wilson, Scott B. ; Heather Bank, Weybridge Heath, Surrey. Witherby, Harry F. ; Heathfield, Eliot Place, Blackheath, S.E. Wollaston, A. F. R. ; Wooton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire. Wright, Charles A. ; Kayhough, Kew Gardens Road, Kew, S.W. Yerbury, Colonel J. W. ; Army and Navy Club, S.W. Young, John ; 64 Hereford Road, Bayswater, W.


Gayner, F. ; Beech Holm, Sunderland.

McConnell, F. V. ; 37 Cranley Gardens, S.W.

Meinertzhagen, R. ; 25 Rutland Gate, S.W.

Price, A. E. ; Bridge Cottage, Broxbourne, Herts.

Rippon, Colonel G. ; Junior Army and Navy Club, St. James Street,

S.W. Thorburn, Archibald ; 94 Fellows Road, South Hampstead, N.W.

[Members are requested to keep the Secretary informed of any changes in their addresses.]



Alexander, Boyd. Chlorodyta zambesice, n. sp., xvii. Aplin, 0. V. Variety of Common Partridge, xcvii.

Bidwell, E. On a hitherto unrecorded specimen of a Great Auk's egg-,

xxxiii. Blundell, H. Weld, and Lovat, Lord. New species of birds from Southern Abyssinia, xix-xxiii. . Oriolus meneliki, n. sp., xix. . Lusciniola abyssinica, n. sp., xix. . Orthotomus major, n. sp., xx. . Psalidoprocne blanfordi, n. sp., xx. . Sporceyinthus margaritce, n. sp., xx. . Melanobucco leucoyenys, n. sp., xxi. . Barbatula xanthosticta, n. sp., xxi.

. Caprimulgus stellatus, n. sp., xxi.

. Myrmecocichla dubia, n. sp., xxii.

. Francolinus tetraoninus, n. sp., xxii.

. harwoodi, n. sp., xxii.

Bonhote, J. L. On the moult of Colymbus septentrionalis and C. glacialis, vii.

Craig, John. Young Cuckoo ejecting Titlark from nest, vi. Crowley, Philip. Exhibition of albinoes, xcvii,

. Exhibition of eggs, xli.

Curtis, F. Photographs of young Rough-legged Buzzards, xli.

Dasent, J. R. On the effects of the hurricane of September 1898 on the

birds of St. Vincent, W.I., lvii. De Winton, W. E. Elected Treasurer, i.

Fitzherbert-Brockholes, W. Varieties of Moorhen and Corn- Crake, xcv. . Joint nest of Blackbird and Hedge-Sparrow, ciii.


Godman, F. D. Xenopipo subalaris, n. sp., xxvii.

. Columba vina, n. sp., xxvii.

Goodfellow, W. Helianthea hamiltoni, n. sp., xlviii.

. Expedition to Ecuador, Iviii.

Grant, W. E. Ogmlvie. On birds collected by Major Wingate in China,

xvii . New species of birds from Hainan. Urocissa whiteheadi, n. sp.,


. (Edicnemus dodsoni, n. sp., xviii, xix.

. Exhibition of new species of birds from Abyssinia, xix.

. Siphia hainana, n. sp., xxxvi.

. Harpactes hainanus, n. sp., xxxvii.

. Phylloscopus subaffinis, n. sp., xxxvii.

. Sitta yunnanensis, n. sp., xxxvii.

. Dendropicus simoni, n. sp., xxxviii.

. Siva wingatei, n. sp., xxxviii.

. Indicator lovati, n. sp., xxxix.

. Lissotis lovati, n. sp., xxxix.

. Garrulax semitorquata, n. sp., xlix.

. Telephonus percivali, n. sp., 1.

. A new Owl from Fohkien, lvi.

. Ptilopachys jior entice, n. sp., cvii.

Habtebt, E. On Grallina picata from Koor Isl., Moluccas, v.

. New species from the Gold Coast Hinterland, v.

. Agyrtria tenebrosa, n. sp., xv-

. Pytelia ansorgei, n. sp., xxvi.

. Melittophagus sharpei, n. sp., xxvii.

. Exhibition of hybrid Humming-birds, xxxix.

. Exhibition of nesting-boxes, xliv.

. Exhibition of a ratiometer, xlv.

. On measuring a bird, xlvi.

. Chcebura thomensis, n. sp., liii.

. Exhibition of albinoes and other varieties from the Triug Museum,


. On Galerita nigricans and G. delta, xcviii.

Hobsbbugh, C. B. Photographs of nests and eggs from the Sinblen

Islands and Siindalen, Norway, v, vi. Hose, Chables. On rare birds from Northern Borneo, xxxiii.

Keabton, Chebby. Photographs of bird-life, xli.

Lascelles, Hon. G. On the preservation of rare species in the New Forest, ciii.


Le Souef, D. Exhibition of photographs of Australian birds' nests,

lxiv. Lodge, R. Photographs of bird-life from England and S. Spain, xli. Lovat, Lord. See Blundell, II. Weld.

MadarAsz, J. von. Apus murinus near Fiume, vi.

. Exhibition of varieties of Hungarian birds, xcvii.

. Ptilocorys senegalensis from Hungary, xcviii.

. nigricans from Egypt, xcviii.

Meade-Waldo, E. G. B. Destruction of rare birds in Great Britain,

cii. Millais, J. G. Exhibition of albinoes and colour-variations of birds,

xcv-xcvi. Millar, P. Young Cuckoo ejecting Titlark from nest, vi. Munro, Horace C. Photographs of birds' nests from Holland, xli. Musters, P. Eggs of Anser erythropus, xli.

Noble, H. Eggs of Ch&tura caudacuta and Oreocichla varia, xlvii. Northcott, Colonel H. P. Birds from the Gold Coast Hinterland, vii. . Death of, xxvi.

Parkin, T. Abundance of bird-life in the Southern Ocean, cvi. Pearson, H. J. Exhibition of eggs of Anser erythrojms, xli.

. Photographs of bird-life in Russian Lapland, xli.

Phillips, E. Lort. On birds from Somali Land, xxxiii. Pigott, J. Digby. On the birds of St. Vincent, W.I., lvii. Pycraet, W. P. Morphology of the Ratitas, cvi.

Read,.R. H. Exhibition of varieties of birds, xciv.

Rickett, C. B. Scops latouchii, n. sp., lvi.

Robinson, H. C. Turnix olivet, n. sp., xliii.

Rothschild, Hon. Charles. On birds from the White Nile, c.

Rothschild, Hon. Walter, D.Sc, M.P. On Eclectus ivestermanni, ii,

. On Pitta mackloti and its allies, iii.

. Scematopus reischeki, n. sp., iv.

. Eos variegata obiensis, n. subsp., xvi.

. Exhibition of a series of Scolopax saturata and of a specimen of

Neoscolopax rochusseni, xvi.

. Exhibition of Eupetes geislerorum, xxvi.

. Lalage sharpei, n. sp., xl.

. On Cracticus rufescens, xl.

. Photographs of nests from Laysan Isl., xli.

. A new Hemipode from North Queensland, xliii.

. Exhibition of Geocichla papuensis, xli v.


Rothschild, Hon. Walter. On Aquila fuhescens and A. macidata, li, lii. On birds from S. Thomas Isl., W. Africa, lii. Breeding-plumage of Phalacrocorax chalconotus, liii. Exhibition of Otocorys balcanica, liii. Urubitinga zonura in a cave, liii.

Exhibition of albinoes and colour-variations of birds, lxvii-xciii. On Bumesia gracilis, c. Parotia duivenbodei, n. sp., c. Rare birds from the Ambernoh River, New Guinea, ci.

Saunders, Howard. Retirement from office of Treasurer, i ; vote of

thanks to, ii. -. Exhibition of a specimen of the Sociable Plover (Chcetusia

gregaria) killed in Co. Meath, xv. Scherren, H. Photographs of young Cuckoo ejecting young Titlark

from nest, vi. Sclater, P. L. Chairman's Annual Address, ix-xv.

. Death of Dr. A. C. Stark, xxv.

. On birds observed in the Cape Peninsula, xxix.

. On the Society for the Protection of Birds, lviii.

. On the expedition to Ecuador made by Messrs. Goodfellow and

Hamilton, lviii".

. Exhibition of Mr. Le Souef's photographs, lxiv.

. Exhibition of varieties of birds, xcvii.

Scott, W. E. D. Photographs of young of Chcetura pelasgia, liv. . Muscisaxicola garretti, n. sp., liv.

. hateheri, n. sp., lv.

. Agriornis poliosoma, n. sp., lv.

. Cinclodes oustaleti, n. sp., lxii.

. molitor, n. sp., lxii.

. oreobates, n. sp., lxii.

. sparsimstriatus, n. sp., lxii.

. Upucerthia damvini, n. sp., lxiii.

. saturatior, n. sp., lxiii.

. Jitzgeraldi, n. sp., lxiii.

. Geositta brevirostris, n. sp., lxiii.

. Henicornis toallisi, n. sp., lxiii.

. Agriornis leucurus, n. sp., lxiv.

. Phrygilus princetonianus, n. sp., lxiv.

Sharpe, R. Bowdler. Apus murimis near Eiume, vi.

. On birds collected by Colonel H. P. Northcott in the Gold Coast

Hinterland, vi, vii.

. Exhibition of a facsimile of a letter of Gilbert White, ix.

. Exhibition of a specimen of Chen albatus killed in Co. Mayo, xv.


Sharpe, R. Bowdler. Death of Colonel Northcott, xxvi.

. Andropadus Icetissimus, n. sp., xxvii.

. Parisoma jacksoni, n. sp., xxviii.

. Euprinodes hildeyardce, n. sp., xxviii.

. Bubo maclunderi, n. sp., xxviii.

■. Lalage flavotincta, n. sp., xxviii.

. Rhipidura sancta, n. sp., xxix.

. Clytorhynchus yrisescens, n. sp., xxix.

. vatensis, n. sp., xxix.

■. Glyciphila notabilis, n. sp., xxix.

. Halcyon farquhari, n. sp., xxix.

. Hyphantornis camburni, n. sp., xxxv.

. Pinarochroa ernesti, n. sp., xxxvi.

. Campothera hausbergi, n. sp., xxxvi.

. Photographs of nests from Norway, xli.

. Puffinus yelkouan in Yorkshire, xlviii.

. Merops batesiana and M. northcotti, nn. spp., xlviii, xlix.

. On Bubo lettii, Biittik., lv.

. Canirallus bated, n. sp., lvi.

. Exhibition of a specimen of Astur jardinei, lvi.

. Sjnzocorys athensis, n. sp., ci.

. Pseudalcemon detainer ei, n. sp., cii.

. Estrilda delamerei, n. sp., cii.

. History of the B. 0. C, cii.

Stark, A. C. Death of, xxv.

Stevens, H. Photographs of Great Auk's egg, xli.

Teq-etmeier, W. B. Exhibition of a Kalij Pheasant shut in Hertford- shire, and of a variety of Phasianus colchicus, xvi. xvii. Ticehurst, N. F. Photographs of bird-life, xli.

Upcher, H. M. Destruction of rare birds in Great Britain, cii.

Whitaker, J. I. S. Saxicola cuminyi, n. sp., xvii. Wiglesworth, L. W. A new ratiometer, xlv.

. On measuring a bird's skin, xlvi.

AVilkinson, J. Varieties of birds, xcvii.

Witherby, H. F. Exhibition of a specimen of Limosa lapponica in down, xliv.

. Exhibition of Caprimulgus eximius from Khartoum, cv.

Wright, C. A. Turtw isabellinits from Malta, xcvi.



Page xlix, line 18, for " M. hatesiana " read " M. batesianus." Page cti, note, add " T. P."




No. LXV.

The sixty-fourth Meeting of the Club was held at the Restaurant Frascati, 32 Oxford Street, on Wednesday, the 18th of October, 1899.

Chairman : P. Crowley.

Members present : B. Alexander, E. Bidwell, J. L. Bon- hote, A. F. Crossman, W. E. de Winton (Treasurer), Dr. F. D. Drewitt, J. Gerrard, F. H. C. Gould, E. Hartert, Major A. P. Loyd, B. W. Martin, II. Munt, E. Neale, II. Nesham, E. W. Oates, C. E. Pearson, H. J. Pearson, F. Penrose, M.D., A. D. Sapsworth, H. Saunders, H. Scherren, F. C. Selous, F. Sharman, R. Bowdler Sharpe (Editor), W. B. Tegetmeier, H. M. Wallis, L. W. Wiglesworth, L. A. Williams, H. F. Witherby, A. F. R. Wollaston.

Visitor : C. B. Horsbrugh.

The Chairman stated that the Committee had suggested the following as Officers of the Club for this Session, and they were elected :

Secretary and Treasurer : Mr. W. E. de Winton, in place of Mr. H. Saunders, who resigned.

New Members of Committee : Mr. E. Bidwell, in the

[October ?>\st, 1899.] vol. x.

Vol. x.] ii

place of Dr. F. Penrose, who retired by rotation ; and Mr. E. Hartert, in the place of Mr. de Winton. Chairman : P. L. Sclater, F.R.S.

„, . fH. J. Pearson.

Vice- Chairmen] TT

I H. Saunders.

A vote of thanks to Mr. Howard Saunders for his services as Treasurer since the foundation of the Club was proposed by Mr. E. Bidwell, seconded by Dr. Bowdler Sharpe, and carried by acclamation.

The Hon. Walter Rothschild sent for exhibition a pair of Eclectus westermanni, Bp., and made the following remarks : . -

" Dr. A. B. Meyer and Dr. Bowdler Sharpe have both expressed their opinion that E. westermanni is an aberration of E. riedeli, Meyer, produced by being kept in captivity; and consequently this idea has been generally adopted as a fact, in spite of the contrary opinion held by Count Salvadori in the ' Catalogue of Birds/

(C A few weeks ago a consignment of ten Eclectus wester- manni arrived in London alive, of which six were males and four females, the latter sex being hitherto unknown. The discovery of the female disposes at once of the fiction that this excellent species could be an aberration of E. riedeli, for it has a blue collar and therefore belongs to the E. roratus section.

" The male differs from all the other species in being entirely green on the breast, while the others (including E. riedeli) have a large patch of red on the sides of breast. (Specimens of E. roratus, E. pectoralis, E. cardinalis, and E. cornelia were exhibited.)

" The female of E. westermanni is similar to the female of E. pectoralis, but diners iu having a blue collar and dull purple lower breast, while E. pectoralis has both collar and breast of the same bright blue colour. The under tail- coverts are also of a much darker and duller red. The ring of blue round the eyes of E. pectoralis is also absent in E. vjestermanni. Both sexes are likewise much smaller than E. 'pectoralis."

iii [Vol. x.

Of the ten specimens mentioned above, Mr. Rothschild has three males and one female alive. The other six died, and a stuffed male and female were exhibited. Mr. Roth- schild hoped to secure one more female, which had been mounted, but the remaining two males and one female had been destroyed.

The habitat of the species was still unknown.

The Hon. Walter Rothschild also exhibited specimens of all the species of Pitta belonging to the red-bellied section " g " of that genus in the ' Catalogue of Birds/ excepting P. c&rulei torques, which he did not possess. He observed :

" Of all these forms, Pitta rubrinucha by its red nape, P. kochi by its large size, and P. dohertyi by its broad black pectoral collar and black ring round the neck, are the most distinct.

" The best known and the most widely distributed is probably P. mackloti, which inhabits nearly the whole of New Guinea, Waigiu, Salwatti, Mysol, and according to Salvadori, Sclater, and others also the Aru Islands, Cape York, New Britain, and the Key Islands. From the latter locality Count Salvadori had no adult specimens when he wrote his great work ; but I have now a fine series, and find that the species is not P. mackloti, but as different as many of the other forms of this group. In Pitta kuehni as I propose to name the form inhabiting the Key Islands and Koer the blue of the chest extends over the sides of the chest and breast (where there is a green patch in P. mackloti) and is continued in a narrow blue ring round the upper back. The feathers on the sides of the chest appear to be somewhat more elongated than in P. mackloti. Adult birds have some blue on the crown a character which is rather rare in P. mackloti.

"Pitta finschi, described by Ramsay from the Astrolabe Range, is the Pitta of the D'Entrecasteaux Islands ; and Elliot is quite wrong in placing P. finschi as a synonym of P. cyanonota from Ternate. The latter has the head reddish

Vol. x.] iv

brown, the throat pale brown, while P.. finschi is rightly- described by Ramsay as having the head dark reddish chocolate-brown and the throat black, and the measurements are much larger. The locality f Astrolabe Range' is probably wrong.

" P. loria, Salvad., is another form which has hitherto been very little known. It differs from P. mackloti in its uniform dark-brown head, nape, and hind-neck. It occurs near Milne Bay, S.E. New Guinea, where it seems to replace the common P. mackloti. The green-backed females of his P. finschi mentioned by Ramsay, and considered by Finsch to belong to P. mackloti, were most likely specimens of P. lories.

"Pitta novce-hibernicce from New Hanover and New Ire- land has been wrongly confused with P. mackloti.

" P. palliceps is certainly very closely allied to P. celebensis, and the distinctness of P. propinqua from P. erythrogastra is very doubtful/'

Mr. Rothschild also sent for exhibition a specimen of an Oyster-catcher, which he proposed to call : -


" $ ad. Differs from H. longirostris , Vieill., and H. finschi, Martens, at first sight in having the lower back and rump black and not white, and the upper tail-coverts being mixed black and white, not white. The bill is much longer than in a series of twenty-three specimens of H. longirostris in the Tring Museum, and appears stouter than in New Zealand specimens.

" Culmen 102 mm., wing 270, tarsus 60.

" H. longirostris, <$ ad. Culmen 75-85 mm., wing 245-255, tarsus 55.

" The type was shotiu June 1885 at Kaiparu, New Zealand, by A. Reischek.

" H. finschi of Martens (Orn.Monatsb. 1897, p. 190) appears from the description to agree with two birds collected by Baron von Hiigel at Freshwater Creek, Canterbury, New Zealand, and another from Kaipoi, Canterbury. These birds,

v [Vol. x.

however, vary among themselves in the amount of white on the quills, which is the distinction given by Herr Martens ; and this variation in the amount of white leads me to con- sider that his H. finschi and the three birds from Baron von Ilugel are only aberrations of H. longirostris."

Mr. Ernst Hartert recorded the occurrence of a specimen of Grallina picata on the little island of Koer in the Key group.

Mr. Hartert also exhibited the types of three new birds collected near Gambaga, Gold Coast Plinterland. which he named and characterized as follows :


Similar to C. albicapilla from Senegarnbia, but differing in having much narrower white tips to the feathers of the crown and occiput, so that these parts do not appear white, but black with white crescentic bars. Wings and tail longer than in C. albicapilla. Wing 135-137 mm., tail 145-148. Sexes alike. This form is probably a representative of C. albicapilla.

Heliocorys modesta giffardi, sp. n.

Closely allied to H. modesta, of which it is evidently only a sub-species, but differs in being altogether paler and more sandy in coloration ; the breast is less heavily spotted with black, the underside paler, the wing 2 or 3 mm. shorter.

Bessonornis (? Cossypha) gambag.e, sp. n.

Very similar to Bessonornis modesta, Shelley, from Nyasa- land, but differing in its rusty rufous flanks and under tail- coverts. The lateral rectrices have not a complete bar aci'oss the tips, but only an elongate blackish mark on the outer Avebs and a small blackish spot on the inner web of the outermost rectrix. The wing-quills and larger wing-coverts have pale rusty-brown edges, and the upper surface is paler. Wing and tail 3 or 4 mm. shorter.

Mr. C. B. Horsbrugh exhibited a series of photographs of nests and eggs taken on the Smolen Islands and in the

Vol. x.] vi

Sundal Valley iu Northern .Norway. An interesting series of the nests of Fringilla montifringilla and F. Calebs from the latter locality was also shown.

Mr. Scherren exhibited photographs of a young Cuckoo taken at two separate stages of its work of ejecting a young Titlark from a nest. Though the fact of such ejection has been well established, the photographs were of considerable interest as supplying incontrovertible evidence on the subject. The nest was found and watched by Mr. John Craig, a Scotch amateur naturalist, and the photographs were kindly sent by Mr. Peat Millar, of Beith, N.B., for exhibition.

On the proposition of Mr. H. J. Pearson it was unani- mously agreed that a " lantern " evening should be held at the meeting in January next.

Dr. Bowdler Sharpe read a letter from Dr. J. von Madarasz and exhibited a specimen of the Pale Swift, Apus murinus (Brehm), which he had shot near Fiume. The specimen was decidedly small, as were all those procured by Dr. von Madarasz, but Dr. Sharpe stated that similar small individuals were to be noted from Spain and other portions of the bird's range.

Dr. Bowdler Sharpe exhibited some interesting specimens of birds obtained by Colonel Henry P. Northcott at Gambaga and in the Hinterland of the Gold Coast. The following was a list of the species met with by Colonel Northcott, and a reference is given to the page of Prof. Reichenow's well- known paper on the adjoining country of Togo-Land (" Zur Vogelfauna von Togo/' J. f. O. 1897, pp. 1-57) :

From Gambaga :

1. Turtur semitorquatus (p. 6) ; 2. Francolinus albigularis ; 3. Ptilopachys fuscus (p. 9) ; 4. Pyocephalus versteri (p. 13) ; 5. Musophaga violacea (p. 13) ; 6. Schizorhis africanus (p. 14); 7. Centropus senegalensis (p. 14) ; 8. Pogonorhynchus

vii [Vol. x.

dubius (p. 17); 9. Camp other a punctata (p. 18); 10. Meso- picus goertan (p. 18) ; 11. Halcyon chelicuti (p. 21) ; 12. Halcyon forbesi (p. 21) ; 13. M 'aero dipt eryx macrodipterus (p. 24) ; 14. Irrisor senegalensis (p. 24) ; 15. Melamornis edoloides ; 16. Elrninia longicauda (p. 27); 17. Terpsiphone cristata (T. viridis, p. 27); 18. Prionops plumatus (p. 30) ; 19. Dryoscopus gambensis (p. 31) ; 20. Laniarius poliocephalus (p. 32) ; 21. Telephonus senegalus (p. 32) ; 22. Lanius guber- nator ; 23. Corvinella corvina (p. 34) ; 24. Buchanga assimilis ; 25. Oriolus auratus (p. 35) ; 26. Lamprocolius purpureus (p. 35) ; 27. Pholidauges leucogaster (p. 36) ; 28. Silagra brachyptera (p. 36) ; 29. Hyphantomis cucullatus (p. 37) ; 30. Pytelia hypogrammica ; 31. Estrilda phoznicotis (E. ben- gala, p. 39) ; 32. Pyromelana jlammiceps (p. 40) ; 33. Petronia dentata ; 34. Serinus icterus (S. butyraceus, p. 41) ; 35. Pycnonotus barbatus (p. 43) ; 36. Cinnyris senegalensis (p. 46) ; 37. Pa7*us leucopterus (p. 47) ; 38. Crater opus reinwardti (p. 48, Taf. ii. fig. 2).

At Walembele, Colonel Northcott obtained Palceornis docilis and Melittophagus pusillus.

One of the most remarkable species exbibited was Lanius gubernator, Hartl. J. f. O. 1882, p. 323, Taf. i. fig. 2, which was previously known only from Equatorial Africa.

Mr. J. L. Bonhote exhibited a series of adult skins of the Red-throated Diver (Colymbus septentrionalis) showing the various stages of the moult, and pointing out that the species had a distinct autumn dress before the moult, which was assumed by a regular abrasion during the latter end of the breeding-season. From the immature specimens Mr. Bonhote pointed out that they moulted straight into their adult dress, probably during their second winter.

Mr. Bonhote also exhibited two specimens in moult of the Great Northern Diver {Colymbus glacialis), showing that in this species the new feathers which grow at. the autumn moult are at first greyish, and assume immediately, by change of colour, the characteristic dark background with white spots.

Vol. x.] viii

The next Meeting of the Club will be held on Wednesday, the 22nd of November, 1899, at 8.30, at the Restaurant Frascati, 32 Oxford Street ; the dinner at 7 p.m.


Philip Crowley, R. Bowdler Sharpe, W. E. de Winton, Chairman. Editor. Sec. fy Treas.

[N.B. The Editor would be much obliged if his brother ornithologists who have papers to read or specimens to exhibit at any meeting of the Club would kindly give him notice of the same a few days before the meeting, in order that the communications may appear on the Chairman's "■ Agenda." This is the second time of askiny. R. B. S.J





The sixty-sixth Meeting of the Club was held at the Restaurant Frascati, 32 Oxford Street, on Wednesday, the 13th of December, 1899.

Chairman : P. L. Sclater, F.R.S.

Members present : E. Bidwell, J. L. Bonhote, Abel Chapman, A. F. Crossman, Philip Crowley, F. H. Car- ruthers Gould, W. R. Ogilvie Grant, E. Hartert, C. J. Hose, J. Graham Kerr, G. E. Lodge, P. H. Munn, 11. Nesiiam, H. J. Pearson, E. Lort Phillips, Hon. Walter Rothschild, M.P., R. Bowdler Sharpe (Editor), E. Cavendish Taylor, N. F. Ticehurst, H. M. Wallis, Johnson Wilkinson, L. A. Williams, L. W. Wiglesworth, W. E. de Winton (Sec. ty Treas), H. F. Witherby.

Visitors : J. C. Chapman, C. E. Fagan, E. Moberley, Theed Pearse, Henry Stevens.

The Chairman referred in feeling terms to the loss which ornithological science had sustained by the death of Dr. A. C. Stark, who had been killed by a shell during the recent fighting at Ladysmith in Natal, whither he had repaired to render medical aid to the wounded soldiers.

A vote of condolence to the relatives of the deceased naturalist was unanimously passed by the Meeting.

[December 30th, 1899.] vol. x.

Vol. x.] xxvi

Dr. Bowdler Sharpe also alluded to the untimely death of Colonel Henry P. Northcott, during the first battle on the Modder River. A list of the birds obtained by the deceased officer in the hinterland of the Gold Coast had recently appeared in the ' Bulletin ' (antect, pp. vi, vii).

The Hon. Walter Rothschild, M.P., exhibited a pair of the rare Eupetes geislerorum, A. B. Meyer.

This species had been described from German New Guinea by Dr. Meyer, and had not before been seen in any English collection, having hitherto been known only from the types in the Dresden Museum. The species was remarkable for the different colour of the sexes ; and examples collected by Mr. A. S. Meek at Collingwood Bay, in the northern portion of British New Guinea, were laid on the table.

Mr. E. Hartert described a new species of Weaver- Finch from Equatorial Africa as follows :

Pytelia ansorgei, sp. n.

S ad. Upper surface yellowish olive, rather greener on the wings ; head black ; quills blackish, externally olive- green ; tail-feathers black, the outer ones rather more greyish black, the central feathers edged with green towards the base ; breast, abdomen, and under tail-coverts dark grey, the sides of the chest yellowish olive; under wing-coverts and inner margins of quills white.

Hob. Wemo River, Toru, Uganda Protectorate {Dr. Ansorge) .

Obs. The nearest ally is apparently Pytelia sharpei, but the black head and other differences in the plumage easily distinguish this new species.

Mr. Hartert also pointed out that, although Dr. Bowdler Sharpe was undoubtedly right in recognizing three forms of small Melittophagi in Africa, in contrast to the opinion of Mr. Dresser with respect to M. pusillus and its allies, there could be no doubt that the former author had misapplied the




No. LXX.

The sixty-ninth Meeting of the Club was held at the Restaurant Frascati, 32 Oxford Street, on Wednesday, the 21st of March, 1900.

Chairman : P. L. Sclater, F.R.S.

Members present : Boyd Alexander, E. Bidwell, F. E. Blaauw, J. L. Bonhote, W. F. Brockholes, A. F. Cross- man, P. Crowley, W. E. de Winton {Treasurer) , H. E. Dresser, Dr. F. D. Drevvitt, H. J. Elwes, F.R.S., E. N. F. Fenwick, H. O. Forbes, LL.D., F. H. Carruthers Gould, W. R. Ogilvie Grant, E. Hartert, J. Graham Kerr, G. E. Lodge, E. Neale, R. Nesham, Heatley Noble, F. Penrose, M.D., T. Digby Pigott, C.B., H. L. Popham, R. H. Read, Hon. W. Rothschild, M.P., F. C. Selous, F. Sharman, R. Bowdler Sharpe, LL.D. [Editor), L. Williams.

Visitors : T. F. Althaus, W. Goodfellow, C. Hamilton, W. E. D. Scott (Princeton, U.S.A., Guest of the Club), E. A. Wilson.

The Hon. Walter Rothschild exhibited an adult speci- men of the so-called Aquila fulvescens, shot by Herr Fiihrer in Albania, together with a young bird obtained about the same time and place. For comparison he placed on the table adult and young birds of the Great Spotted Eagle {Aquila maculata) and the Small Spotted Eagle {Aquila pomarina),

[March 3lst, 1900.] vol. x.

Vol. x.] lii

and made the following remarks : " The name Aquila ful- vescens has hitherto been bestowed on Indian specimens, and this form has, up to the present time, been admitted by British ornithologists to be a well-marked and distinct species. The late Eugen von Homeyer described a European example under the name of Aquila boecki, and since then, including the one exhibited to-night, three more examples have been recorded from Europe. Mr. Hartert, Dr. Otto Reiser (in Hit.), and several other naturalists have more than once drawn attention to the exactly similar proportions and external characters existing between Aquila maculata and Aquila fulvescens, the only difference being in the colour of the plumage, and they have suggested that A. boecki might be a more or less constant aberration of Aquila maculata.

" I think that the young bird exhibited will convince most ornithologists, as it has myself, that Aquila fulvescens is really a parallel ' aberration' to the light forms of the Common Buzzard, Buteo buteo, and that it is not a good species. This young bird has the upper and under tail-coverts, as well as the feathers of the leg and thigh, of the same pale buff colour, and in these markings it resembles the adult Aquila fulvescens ; while the rest of its plumage is identical with typical young of Aquila maculata. A. further proof is that a few examples of the Indian Little Spotted Eagle (A. hastata) show a tendency to have large buff areas of plumage. I therefore consider that there are only three species of Spotted Eagles with round